Major Train Stations:
- Milan (Milano): Milano Centrale
- Florence (Firenze): Firenze Santa Maria Novella or FSMN
- Rome (Roma): Roma Termini (Roma Fiumicino is the airport)
- Bologna: Bologna Centrale
- Pisa: Pisa Centrale
- Venice (Venezia): Venezia Santa Lucia (S. Lucia) train station for central Venice or the Lido of Venice
- Venezia Mestre train station for all other Italian destinations
- Naples (Napoli): Napoli Centrale
- Turin (Torino): Torino Porta Nuova
- Genoa (Genova): Genova Piazza Principe
- Verona: Verona Porta Nuova
Schedules and Booking: Eurostar (ES- Frecciarossa, Frecciabianca, Frecciargento) & Euro City (EC) trains require a reservation and it is not possible to just “hop” on to the next train heading your direction. If you miss your train, you will need to exchange your reservation. On the other hand, regional (R) and local trains (D, R, IR, E) do not require a reservation and tickets are easy to buy at the train station before departure. If you miss this type of train, all you need to do is catch the next departure. These trains are mainly second class.
- D: Direct
- R: Regional
- IR: Interregional
- E: Express
- IC: Intercity
- ES Italia AV: Euro Star
- EC: Euro Star City
The Italian railway operator is called Trenitalia. You can check schedules and purchase tickets at the website. All train stations, and even some bus stations for towns that do not have trains, are covered by this system. For online purchase pay with your credit card and then print the receipt of your ticket (don’t select the self-service option). Your receipt has a bar code that the conductor will scan. Not all destinations are available for advance purchase online, some smaller stations or local lines do not allow advance purchase. Depending upon your destination you may be able to choose from a base fare or a premium or discount fare (restrictions apply). Note that schedules are usually published about 90 days out.
Train Travel Reminders:
- Recheck the Binario: Check the overhead board for the correct departure track (binario) of your train. The binario can often change shortly before the scheduled departure time.
- Seating: Most regional trains have open seating, select a seat in your designated class of service (first or second). For Euro Star/Freccia travel, refer to your ticket for your seat assignment.
- Arrival at your Destination: Depending upon your destination, your train stop may be very short, know the stop before yours and be prepared to exit the train.
- Validate your ticket: You must get your ticket stamped at one of the machines (usually by the train tracks or close to the ticket booth) before entering the train. This goes for all trains tickets except EuroStar and Freccia, or tickets purchased online that have a specific departure time.